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Review Article

Acupuncture: A Clinical Review

Victor S. Sierpina, MD, Moshe A. Frenkel, MD
Volume: 98 Issue: 3 March, 2005

Abstract:

This article summarizes the research base, probable mechanism of actions, and clinical applications of acupuncture. It offers the clinician a deeper understanding of appropriate conditions for which acupuncture may be useful, outlines how to integrate acupuncture into a clinical practice, and describes referral and training issues.


Key Points


* Basic theories of acupuncture from both traditional and scientific perspectives are reviewed.


* The reader is provided with information about indications for acupuncture.


* The acupuncture encounter is described.


* Safety and efficacy data on acupuncture are reviewed.


* An algorithm for the referral process to acupuncture is provided.

Article:

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References:

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2. Sierpina V. Alternative Systems of Care. Integrative Health Care: Complementary and Alternative Therapies for the Whole Person. Philadelphia, PA, FA Davis, 2001, pp 96–103.
 
3. Kaptchuk T. The Web That Has No Weaver: Understanding Chinese Medicine. New York, NY, Congdon and Weed, 1983.
 
4. Eisenberg D, Wright TL, Benson H. Encounters with Qi: Exploring Chinese Medicine. New York, NY, WW Norton & Company, 1995.
 
5. Helms J. Acupuncture Energetics. Berkeley, CA, Medical Acupuncture Publishers, 1996.
 
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11. Traditional Chinese Medicine/Acupuncture. Available at: http://tcm.health-info.org.
 
12. Filshie J, White A. Medical Acupuncture: A Western Scientific Approach. New York, NY, Churchill Livingstone, 1998.
 
13. Ulett G. Scientific acupuncture: peripheral electrical stimulation for the relief of pain, I: basics. Pain Manage 1989;May/June:128.
 
14. Ulett G. Scientific acupuncture: peripheral electrical stimulation for the relief of pain, II: clinical aspects. Pain Manage 1989;(July/August):186.
 
15. NIH Consensus Statement: Acupuncture. 1997;15:1–34. Available athttp://consensus.nih.gov/cons/107/107_intro.htm. Accessed October 12, 2004.
 
16. Streitberger K, Diefenbacher M, Bauer A. Acupuncture compared to placebo-acupuncture for postoperative nausea and vomiting prophylaxis: a randomized placebo-controlled patient and observer blind trial. Anesthesia 2004;59:142–149.
 
17. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Available at:http://nccam.nih.gov/health/acupuncture/_nccam. Accessed 4/28/2004.
 
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19. American Academy of Medical Acupuncture. Available at: http://www.medicalacupuncture.org, Accessed October 12, 2004.
 
20. Eisenberg D. Trends in alternative medicine use in the United States, 1990–1997: results of a follow-up national survey. JAMA 1998;280:1569–1575.
 
21. Frenkel M, Borkan J. An approach for integrating complementary-alternative medicine into primary care. Fam Pract 2003;20:324–332.
 
22. UTMB Alternative and Integrative Health Care Program. Available at: http://cam.utmb.edu.
 
23. Peuker E, White A, Ernst E, et al. Traumatic complications of acupuncture: therapists need to know human anatomy. Arch Fam Med 1999;8:553–558.
 
24. Ernst E. Life threatening adverse reactions after acupuncture? A systematic review. Pain1997;71:123–126.
 
25. White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, et al. Adverse events following acupuncture: prospective survey of 32,000 consultations with doctors and physiotherapists. BMJ 2001;232:467–468.
 
26. National Certification Commission of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM). Available at:http://www.nccaom.com. Accessed October 12, 2004.
 
27. Huang W, Wen K, Hsiao M. Adulteration by synthetic therapeutic substances of traditional Chinese Medicines in Taiwan. J Clin Pharmacol 1997;37:334–350.
 
28. Nasir L. Acupuncture in a university hospital: implications for an inpatient consulting service. Arch Fam Med. 1998;7:593–596.

CME:

Portions of this issue may be available for CME credit. Please email education@sma.org for a complete listing of current Southern Medical Journal activities, as well as other SMA educational offerings.

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