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Hepatocellular Carcinoma in a Patient with Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Hepatitis B Virus Coinfection: An Emerging Problem?

LCDR Chris B. Hyun, MC, USNR, CDR Walter J. Coyle, MC, USN
Volume: 97 Issue: 4 April, 2004

Abstract:

Infections with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have similar risk factors and routes of transmission. It is estimated that 64 to 84% of HIV-infected individuals have positive markers for anti-HBc antibodies, with the chronic HBV infection rate approaching 16%. There is, however, a paucity of information on HBV/HIV coinfection, and its clinical implications remain unclear. We review the literature and report our recent experience with a 44-year-old man with HBV/HIV coinfection who developed metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma despite quiescent HBV and HIV disease courses. Highly active antiretroviral therapy has revolutionized HIV disease. As a result, morbidity and mortality from other underlying chronic, non-HIV-related diseases, such as the HBV infection and hepatocellular carcinoma reported here, will likely continue to increase in the HIV-infected patient population.

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