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Medication Use for Diabetes, Hypertension, and Hypercholesterolemia from 1988–1994 to 2001–2006

Dana E. King MD, MS, Tina M. Ellis MS, Charles J. Everett PhD, Arch G. Mainous III PhD
Volume: 102 Issue: 11 November, 2009

Abstract:

Abstract:The objective of this study was to compare rates of use of medications for diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia between 1988–1994 and 2001–2006 and determine whether increased medication use may be partly attributable to nonadherence to healthy lifestyle habits. This study analyzed and compared data from two different time periods in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Disease prevalence rates increased 23% (P < 0.01), and medication use increased 121% (P < 0.05) over the study’s period. Diabetes medication use increased from 5.3% to 8.7%, antihypertension medication from 23.0% to 32.4%, and cholesterol-lowering medication from 4.5% to 16.7% (all P < 0.05). By race, diabetes medication use increased most among Hispanics (7.2% to 13.2%), antihypertension use increased most among non-Hispanic blacks (30.8% and 39.6%), and cholesterol medication increased most in non-Hispanic whites (4.9% to 17.8%) (all P < 0.05). Greater adherence to healthy lifestyle habits was associated with less use of medication (P < 0.01). Medication use for diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia has increased between 1988–1994 and 2001–2006 and is greater in people with fewer healthy lifestyle habits.

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