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Review Article

Substance Abuse: Medical And Slang Terminology

Humera Hamid, BA, Rif S. El-Mallakh, MD, Keith Vandeveir, CADC
Volume: 98 Issue: 3 March, 2005

Abstract:

Substance abuse is among one of the major problems plaguing our society. It has come to the attention of several health-care professionals that a communication gap exists between themselves and substance abusers. Most of the time the substance abusers are only familiar with the slang terms of abused substances, a terminology that medical professionals are usually unaware of. This paper is an attempt to close that communication gap, allowing health care professionals to understand the slang terminology that their patients use, thus enabling them to make appropriate treatment decisions. In addition, the article presents some key features (including active ingredient, pharmacological classification, medical use, abuse form, usage method, combinations used, effects sought, long-term possible effects, and detectability in urine) of the most commonly abused substances.


Key Points


* A listing of medical and slang names for commonly abused drugs is presented.


* Subjective and objective effects of these drugs are presented.


* Medical and street utility of the drugs are also presented.

Article:

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References:

1. Kaplan HI, Sadock, GJ, and Grebb JA. Kaplan and Sadock’s Synopsis Of Psychiatry—Behavioral Sciences/Clinical Psychiatry. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1994, ed 7.
 
2. National Institute of Drug Abuse. Community Drug Alert Bulletin.http://www.nida.nih.gov/ClubAlert/Clubdrugalert.html.AQ
 
3. The Times of India. Use of designer drugs on the rise.http://www.timesofindia.com/170100/‘7mbom17.htm.
 
4. The Dangers of Designer Drugs. http://www.pediatrx.com/designerdrugs/index.html.
 
5. Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse. http://www.tcada.state.tx.us.
 
6. Drug Free Resource Net, Partnership for a Drug Free America. http://www.drugfreeamerica.org.
 
7. Drugs of Abuse. Washington, DC: Drug Enforcement Administration, 1996.http://www.usdoj.gov/pubs/abuse/contents.htm.
 
8. Addictive substances used for non-medical purposes. Jefferson Country Alcohol and Drug Abuse Center. Louisville, Kentucky. 2001.
 
9. Facts about Drugs. Patient information handouts. 1989 Parlay International.
 
10. Drug Information for the Health Care Professional. USP DI—17th Edition. Vol 1. Rockville: The United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc.; 1997.
 
11. Discussions with the staff members of Jefferson County Alcohol and Drug Abuse Center.

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