Goals and Objectives

Heart failure is the leading cause of initial hospitalization and re-hospitalization within 30 days of discharge in those over 65 years of age. While the treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) remains evidence-based from clinical outcome trials, clinicians fail to use these strategies to keep patients from hospitalization and CV death.  This activity will address this practice gap using patient vignettes to suggest how best to treat patients with heart failure. In addition, the concept of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) will be discussed, where the evidence base for improvement in outcome is currently lacking and treatment is based on symptomatic improvement. Upon Completion, learners should be better prepared to:

  • Discuss the current epidemiology of heart failure including its prevalence, increase with age, and ethnic disparities
  • Describe the appropriate workup for patients with symptomatic heart failure including when and how to use Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) and Pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)
  • Recognize the differing treatments for those with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) vs heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF)
  • Recognize the newer treatments for (HFrEF) including LCZ696 (valsartan/sacubitril) and ivrabradine and how they might be best used in treatment.

Course Information

CME Release Date: December 27th, 2017
Valid for credit through:  December 27th, 2018
Course type:  Video lecture
Sponsored in part by:  SMA Services, Inc.


Credits Available

Southern Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Southern Medical Association designates this enduring material for a maximum of  1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

For information on applicability and acceptance of continuing education credit for this activity, please consult your professional licensing board.  All healthcare professionals who are not MDs or DOs will receive a certificate of participation.


Instructions for Participation and Credit

This activity is designed to be completed within the time designated; learners should claim only those credits that reflect the time actually spent in the activity. To successfully earn credit, participants must complete the activity online during the valid credit period noted, following these steps:

  • Read the goals and objectives, accreditation information, and author disclosures.
  • Study the educational content and references.
  • Online, choose the best answer to each test question. To receive a certificate, you must receive a passing score of 80%.
  • Complete the activity evaluation and attestation.

Upon completion of the evaluation and attestation, your certificate will be processed and emailed within 2 weeks.  Credits will be archived for 6 years; at any point within this time period you can contact Southern Medical Association for a duplicate copy of your credit.

Course Materials

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