Target Audience


Southern Medical Journal (SMJ) is an interdisciplinary, multi-specialty Journal, and articles span the spectrum of medical topics, providing timely, up-to-date information for primary care physicians and specialists alike. The SMJ enables physicians to provide the best possible care to patients in this age of rapidly changing modern medicine.  Therefore, the readers of the SMJ are an appropriate target for this article.

Goals and Objectives


Acute pyelonephritis is a common diagnosis, particularly among women of reproductive age and middle-aged women, and leads to a large number of hospitalizations. The current recommendations favor computed tomography (CT) with contrast to evaluate for perinephric abscess in patients at risk of this complication or who do not respond to appropriate medical therapy within a few days. This activity is intended to determine the frequency, timing, and types of imaging obtained in patients with a discharge diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis, and how often imaging findings affect therapy. At the conclusion of the session, learners should be better prepared to:

  • Review the presenting symptoms and signs of acute pyelonephritis and possible etiologies and complications of the infection;
  • Understand the guidelines of the American College of Radiology for imaging in suspected acute pyelonephritis;
  • Develop a practical and safe plan for the imaging of patients with suspected pyelonephritis.

Course Information


CME Release Date: February 4, 2019
Valid for credit through:  February 4, 2020
Course type: CME Journal Article
Estimated time of completion: 1 hour

Credits Available


Southern Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Southern Medical Association designates this CME Journal Article for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

For information on applicability and acceptance of continuing education credit for this activity, please consult your professional licensing board.  All healthcare professionals who are not MDs or DOs will receive a certificate of participation.

Instructions for Participation and Credit


This activity is designed to be completed within the time designated; learners should claim only those credits that reflect the time actually spent in the activity. To successfully earn credit, participants must complete the activity online during the valid credit period noted, following these steps:

  • Read the goals and objectives, accreditation information, and author disclosures.
  • Login in below to access the article in order to study the educational content and references.
  • Online, choose the best answer to each test question. To receive a certificate, you must receive a passing score of 80%.
  • Complete the activity evaluation and attestation.

Upon successful completion of the test, evaluation and attestation, your certificate will be processed and emailed from [email protected] within approximately 1 hour. Credits will be archived for 6 years; at any point within this time period you may login to your account to print a duplicate copy of your certificate.

Click the Disclosure Tab above for Author/Faculty Information

Disclosure of Relevant Financial Relationships


As an organization accredited by the ACCME, Southern Medical Association requires everyone who is in a position to control the content of an education activity to disclose all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest. The ACCME defines "relevant financial relationships" as financial relationships in any amount, occurring within the past 12 months, including financial relationships of a spouse or life partner that could create a conflict of interest.

Southern Medical Association encourages Speakers/Authors to identify investigational products or off-label uses of products regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration, at first mention and where appropriate in the content.

The following individuals, unless otherwise notedhave no relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Manuscript Author(s):
Cason Pierce, MD
Angela Keniston, MSPH
Richard K. Albert, MD

SMJ Editor-in-Chief:
G. Richard Holt, MD, MSE, MPH, MABE, D BE

Southern Medical Association/Southern Medical Journal Editorial Staff:
Jennifer S. Price, MA, Managing Editor
Anita McCabe, Copyeditor

Course Materials

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