Perspectives

Preparing Health Professions Students to Serve Southern Rural Communities in the Time of COVID-19 and Beyond: A Model for Interprofessional Online Telehealth Education

Authors: Teri Browne, PhD, Selina H. McKinney, PhD, Lauren Duck, MPH, Elizabeth W. Blake, PharmD, Beverly Baliko, PhD, Sara English, PhD, Rebecca Christopher, MSW

Abstract

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a significant impact on southern rural communities1–4 and requires an interdisciplinary workforce prepared to address the unique and holistic needs of people in these communities. Telehealth, long used to improve services for people living in rural areas,5,6 has rapidly and significantly expanded because of COVID-19.7–10 There is an urgent need to train health professions students in telehealth skills to prepare them to deliver virtual care, especially in rural communities.11–13 As universities quickly moved to online instruction in 2020, student telehealth training models were needed that can be delivered virtually. Ideally, this training should be interprofessional, with two or more health science disciplines learning about, from, and with one another.14
Posted in: Infectious Disease55

Full Article

Having trouble viewing the article content below? Click here to open it directly.

References

1. Gutierrez J, Kuperman E, Kaboli PJ. Using telehealth as a tool for rural hospitals in the COVID-19 pandemic response. J Rural Health 2021;37: 161–164.
 
2. Peters DJ. Community susceptibility and resiliency to COVID-19 across the rural-urban continuum in the United States. J Rural Health 2020;36: 446–456.
 
3. Adunlin G, Murphy PZ, Manis M. COVID-19: how can rural community pharmacies respond to the outbreak? J Rural Health 2021;37:153–155.
 
4. Ameh GG, Njoku A, Inungu J, et al. Rural America and coronavirus epidemic: challenges and solutions. Eur J Environ Public Health 2020 Apr 24;4:em0040.
 
5. Watson J, Gasser L, Blignault I, Collins, et al. Taking telehealth to the bush: lessons from north Queensland. J Telemed Telecare 2001;7(suppl 2):20–23.
 
6. World Health Organization. Telemedicine: Opportunities and Developments in Member States. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2010.
 
7. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Medicare and Medicaid Programs; Policy and Regulatory Revisions in Response to the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency. https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2020/04/06/2020-06990/medicare-and-medicaid-programs-policy-and-regulatory-revisions-in-response-to-the-covid-19-public. Published April 6, 2020. Accessed April 13, 2020.
 
8. Lindsay JA, Hogan JB, Ecker AH, et al. The importance of video visits in the time of COVID-19. J Rural Health 2021;37:242–245.
 
9. Crump WJ. Telemedicine: has the time really finally arrived? J Rural Health 2021;37:156–157.
 
10. Golinelli D, Boetto E, Carullo G, et al. Adoption of digital technologies in health care during the COVID-19 pandemic: systematic review of early scientific literature. J Med Internet Res 2020;22:e22280.
 
11. Fletcher TL, Hogan JB, Keegan F, et al. Recent advances in delivering mental health treatment via video to home. Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018;20:55–56.
 
12. Grice GR, Thomason AR, Meny LM, et al. Intentional interprofessional experiential education. Am J Pharm Educ 2018;82:204–208.
 
13. Rutledge CM, Haney T, Bordelon M, et al. Telehealth: preparing advanced practice nurses to address healthcare needs in rural and underserved populations. Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh 2014;11:1–9.
 
14. Interprofessional Education Collaborative. Core Competencies for Interprofessional Collaborative Practice: 2016 Update. Washington, DC: Interprofessional Education Collaborative; 2016.
 
15. Rudolph JW, Simon R, Dufresne RL, et al. There’s no such thing as “nonjudgmental” debriefing: a theory and method for debriefing with good judgment. Simul Healthc 2006;1:49–55.
 
16. Koivunen M, Saranto K. Nursing professionals’ experiences of the facilitators and barriers to the use of telehealth applications: a systematic review of qualitative studies. Scand J Caring Sci 2018;32:24–44.