This is a literature review of religion-associated medical neglect of children. It attempts to document the most common denominations involved in religion-associated medical neglect. There is a discussion of the history of religious exemptions to medical care and health risks to children as a result of religious exemption. Suggestions are made for the clinician regarding recognition and management of religion-associated medical neglect in children.
* Religion-related medical neglect does exist.
* There are many documented fatalities in children related to religion-related medical neglect.
* The majority of the literature on religion-related medical neglect is associated with Christian Scientists, Jehovah’s Witnesses and smaller cult-like groups that are predominantly offshoots of mainstream Christian religions.
* No empirical literature on medical neglect in other world religions could be found.
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