Review Article

Sleep Disordered Breathing in Adults with Cerebral Palsy: What Do We Know So Far?

Authors: Hannah Hayward, MD Candidate, Class of 2021, Mariam Louis, MD, MSc, Linda Edwards, MD, Rafik Jacob, MD

Abstract

As advances in medicine continue to extend the lifespan of patients with cerebral palsy (CP), emphasis must be placed on evaluating patients for chronic health issues common in the general adult population. Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) affects a large number of otherwise healthy adults and is even more common in individuals with disability. SDB includes the following subtypes: obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, and sleep-related hypoventilation/hypoxemia. SDB consequences include poor daytime functioning from sleepiness and an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. There is a paucity of data available in the literature about the association between SDB and CP in the adult population. More research is needed to understand the true prevalence and management strategies of SDB in patients with CP. This review focuses on three major subtypes of SDB: obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, and sleep-related hypoventilation/hypoxemia.

 

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