Conjoint Treatment: A Novel Approach to Target the Syndemic Conditions of Trauma, Substance Abuse, and HIV in Women Living with HIV

Authors: Kristyn Pellecchia, RN, MSN, Amelia Roeschlein, MFT, Jennifer Lewis, PhD, LCSW, Maria Zuniga, PhD


The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that in the United States, 1.2 million adults and adolescents are living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).1 In a span of 15 years, from 1985 to 2000, the proportion of women living with HIV more than tripled.2 The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that by the end of 2013, 232,511 women were living with HIV in the United States.3

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