Original Article

Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Colectomy Outcomes for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Authors: Satyam K. Ghodasara, BS, Justin S. Roskam, BS, Michael Uretsky, BS, Grace C. Chang, DO, Rolando H. Rolandelli, MD, Zoltan H. Nemeth, MD, PhD


Objectives: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) encompasses Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). These two chronic inflammatory conditions can differ in severity, presentation, and anatomical localization, and can greatly affect quality of life if not managed properly. Given the many healthcare challenges during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, we studied the effects of the pandemic and corresponding changes to medical resources on surgical outcomes for patients with IBD.

Methods: Deidentified data from patients who underwent a colectomy for CD or UC were collected from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database of the American College of Surgeons. We analyzed clinical factors and surgical outcomes between 2019 and 2020.

Results: Patients with IBD were more likely to have lost >10% of their body mass before the operation in 2020. Operations for patients with UC were significantly shorter in the first year of the pandemic. Patients with CD were less likely to have a urinary tract infection or sepsis postoperatively in 2020, whereas patients with UC were more likely to require a repeat operation. Interestingly, both patient populations were less likely to undergo an emergency operation in 2020 than in 2019.

Conclusions: Colectomy outcomes for patients with CD in 2020 were similar or improved in comparison with those seen in 2019, whereas colectomies for UC saw a statistically but not clinically significant increase in the rate of repeat operations. Overall, these patients seem to have been well managed despite the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic–induced strain on the healthcare system.
Posted in: Gastroenterology51

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