Know the New HIV Testing Guidelines?

To the Editor: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing identifies people infected with HIV.1 A positive assay confirms the diagnosis and provides an opportunity for lifesaving treatment. Accurate detection in an early stage of illness allows pharmacotherapy that could decrease disease severity and reduce viral...

Commentary on “Is Endurance Exercise Safe? The Myth of Pheidippides”

I commend Ms Christine Rutlen and Dr David Rutlen for their dedication in developing this interesting treatise on the effects of long-distance running on the human body.1 They have striven to survey the pertinent literature with respect to the various organs potentially affected and to address how a question...

Open Access: Inconsistencies in Colonic Tattooing Practice: Differences in Reported and Actual Practices at a Tertiary Medical Center

Objectives: Accurate localization of a colonic lesion is crucial to successful resection. Although colonic tattooing is a widely accepted technique to mark lesions for future identification surgery or repeat colonoscopy, no consensus guidelines exist. The objective of this study was to determine whether the current tattooing practice at a...

Native Joint Septic Arthritis: Comparison of Outcomes with Medical and Surgical Management

Objective: To determine whether there are differences in the outcomes of native joint septic arthritis (SA) in adults, based on medical versus surgical management.Methods: A 10-year retrospective single-center study was conducted of patients admitted to a tertiary care hospital between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2015 with a...

CME Article: Comparison of Factors Identified by Patients and Physicians Associated with Hospital Readmission (COMPARE2)

Objective: Factors contributing to hospital readmission have rarely been sought from the patient perspective. Furthermore, it is unclear how patients and physicians compare in identifying factors contributing to readmission. The objective of the study was to identify and compare factors contributing to hospital readmission identified by patients and physicians...

On “Importance of Interdisciplinary Medical Education: A Frontline Perspective”

To the Editor: We thank Pandey and Jackson for their article, “Importanceof Interdisciplinary Medical Education: A Frontline Perspective,” which aptly identified some of the key discourse on integrating interdisciplinary education into the medical...

A Brief Review of the Pharmacology of Hyperkalemia: Causes and Treatment

Hyperkalemia is a common problem in both inpatients and outpatients. Many disease states (eg, chronic kidney disease) and medications may precipitate hyperkalemia. There are several drugs now available to treat hyperkalemia. Many of these drugs are relatively new. This review provides information regarding drug-induced causes of hyperkalemia and provides...

Objectively Measured Physical Activity and All-Cause Mortality Among Cancer Survivors: National Prospective Cohort Study

Objective: The understanding of the effects of physical activity on all-cause mortality among cancer survivors is limited. We attempted to draw a relation between physical activity and survival among those with a diagnosis of cancer.Methods: Data from the 2003–2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was used, with follow-up...

Outcomes in an Interdisciplinary Diabetes Clinic in Rural Primary Care

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an interdisciplinary diabetes team model of care in assisting patients to achieve improved glucose control in a primary care rural setting.Methods: A family medicine clinic at a rural university medical center developed an interdisciplinary diabetes team clinic...

Mycobacterium fortuitum Meningitis: Approach to Lumboperitoneal Shunt Infection

Mycobacterium fortuitum is a rare, opportunistic pathogen most frequently contracted through contact with a contaminated source. An immunocompetent 26-year-old female patient presented to our institution with an infected lumboperitoneal (LP) shunt presenting as continued nonhealing wounds. After multiple debridements, shunt revisions, and wound closure failures, infectious disease specialists were...

Evaluating the Burnout-Thriving Index in a Multidisciplinary Cohort at a Large Academic Medical Center

Objectives: There has been significant discussion about the quality of burnout research, especially with regard to abbreviated measurements of burnout and/or well-being. The purpose of this study was to compare a single-item, investigator-developed question measuring perceived well-being with validated multi-item measures of burnout and well-being.Methods: Between 2016 and 2017,...

Is Endurance Exercise Safe? The Myth of Pheidippides

With the increase in participation in endurance events in the general population, patient concern may arise as to whether endurance exercise is safe. Acute but not chronic increases in blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and urine albumin occur in endurance exercise. Iron-deficiency anemia may be observed in female athletes. Upper...

CME Article: Characteristics of Syncope Admissions Among Hospitals of Varying Teaching Intensity

Objectives: Previous work suggests that hospitals’ teaching status is correlated with readmission rates, cost of care, and mortality. The degree to which teaching status is associated with the management of syncope has not been studied extensively. We sought to characterize the relation between teaching status and inpatient syncope management....

Development of a Vertically Integrated Trainee Program: Linking Future and Young Physicians

Organizations representing a wide spectrum of health and healthcare settings, such as healthcare disciplines, clinical and scientific professional organizations within disciplines, hospitals, and academic medical centers, are facing many challenges and concerns. Organized medical associations such as local, state, and national associations are not immune from similar concerns faced...

Awareness of Birth Cohort Hepatitis C Testing Recommendation Among Baby Boomers: An Exploratory Survey Study

Objectives: To examine population awareness of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing recommendation for the 1945 to 1965 birth cohort and explore the factors associated with awareness of the testing recommendation, its association with HCV testing, and respondents’ data sources about the...

Trauma Providers’ Perceptions of Frailty Assessment: A Mixed-Methods Analysis of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs

Objectives: Quality improvement in geriatric trauma depends on timely identification of frailty, yet little is known about providers’ knowledge and beliefs about frailty assessment. This study sought to understand trauma providers’ understanding, beliefs, and practices for frailty assessment. Methods: We developed a 20-question survey using the Health Belief Model...

On “Improving Underrepresented Minority in Medicine Representation in Medical School”

To the Editor: We sincerely thank Campbell et al for their article exploring the importance of and the need to improve the representation of underrepresented minorities in medical school.1 This is a societally shifting paradigm and a task-shifting agenda that must be brought to the forefront of medical...

Contraceptive Methods and the Impact of Menstruation on Daily Functioning in Women with Sickle Cell Disease

Objectives: Women with sickle cell disease (SCD) are living longer as a result of advances in the care of their underlying disease. With the population growing of women living with SCD, reproductive health issues in this population have become an emphasized area of medical care. We sought to describe...

Impact of Holidays on Pediatric Trauma Admissions to a Community Hospital in South Florida

Objectives: The data from temperate regions indicate increases in pediatric traumatic injuries during the spring and summer months with anticipated admission spikes on warm weather holidays; hospitals in southern subtropical regions should not anticipate the same trends. The objectives of this study were to identify holiday-specific spikes in pediatric...

Improving Documentation of Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injuries (OASIS) Using a Standardized Electronic Template at Two University-Affiliated Institutions

Objectives: Adequate repair is vital to reduce the long-term sequelae of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). Sufficient documentation is necessary to reflect the quality of care provided, to guide future management, and to reduce medicolegal liability. With the advent of electronic health records, proper methods of documentation can be...