Specialties - Southern Medical Association

SMJ Article | Original Article

Nationwide Trends in Prevalent Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Diseases in Young Adults: Differences by Sex and Race and In-Hospital Outcomes

Objectives: Prevalence and trends in all cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among young adults (18–39 years) have not been evaluated on a large scale stratified by sex and race. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence and temporal trend of CVD risk factors in US inpatients younger...

Posted in: Cardiovascular Disease5

SMJ Article | Original Article

Effects of Preoperative WBC Count on Post-CABG Surgery Clinical Outcome

Objective: White blood cells (WBCs) play a major role in inflammation, with effects on the vascular wall, the microvascular blood flow, and endothelial cells and endothelial function. Previous studies have shown that a high WBC count may increase the risk of cardiovascular complication rate and mortality after coronary artery bypass...

Posted in: Cardiovascular Disease5

SMJ Article | Original Article

Prevalence and Clinical Impact of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients with Pulmonary Embolism

Objectives: Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been suggested as a cause for pulmonary embolism (PE). We aimed to explore the prevalence and clinical impact of AF in patients with PE.Methods: Using the 2012–2014 National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample database, we identified “adult patients with PE” as the principal discharge diagnosis. The identified...

Posted in: Miscellaneous Cardiovascular Disease (Physical Examination Findings, Murmurs)2 Miscellaneous Pulmonary Disorders (Indications for Spirometry)2

SMJ Article | Original Article

Use of Cardiac Troponin Testing in the Outpatient Setting

Objectives: Cardiac troponin (cTn) measurement is useful for diagnosing myocardial infarction (MI), particularly in the inpatient setting. A growing body of literature suggests that cTn may be useful for evaluating chronic conditions in the outpatient environment; however, little is known regarding cTn ordering patterns in this setting. We sought to...

Posted in: Miscellaneous Cardiovascular Disease (Physical Examination Findings, Murmurs)2

SMJ Article | Original Article

CME Article: Characteristics of Syncope Admissions Among Hospitals of Varying Teaching Intensity

Objectives: Previous work suggests that hospitals’ teaching status is correlated with readmission rates, cost of care, and mortality. The degree to which teaching status is associated with the management of syncope has not been studied extensively. We sought to characterize the relation between teaching status and inpatient syncope management. Methods:...

Posted in: Syncope1