Helmets Matter: Kentucky Motorcycle Crash Victims Seen at a Tennessee Trauma Center

Objectives: Motorcycle helmet laws vary by state, with Kentucky requiring helmets only for younger riders. We hypothesized that motorcyclists injured in Kentucky and seen at a Tennessee trauma center would be more likely to be unhelmeted, have more severe head injuries, and sustain more fatal injuries than those injured in Tennessee or Virginia. Methods: A Trauma Registry review of 729 injured motorcyclists from January 2005 through June 2015...

Association Between Perceived Discrimination and Emergency Department Use Among Safety-Net Patients in the Southwestern United States

Objectives: Patients’ perceptions of how they are treated in their interactions with the healthcare system represent important and valid measures of healthcare quality that may influence health utilization, outcomes, and costs. Perceived discrimination or the sense of being treated unfairly is an important patient perception known to adversely affect health, but the relation of such perceptions to health-seeking behaviors related to low-acuity...

Developing a Mass Casualty Surge Capacity Protocol for Emergency Medical Services to Use for Patient Distribution

Objectives: Metropolitan areas must be prepared to manage large numbers of casualties related to a major incident. Most US cities do not have adequate trauma center capacity to manage large-scale mass casualty incidents (MCIs). Creating surge capacity requires the distribution of casualties to hospitals that are not designated as trauma centers. Our objectives were to extrapolate MCI response research into operational objectives for MCI...

Cross-Sectional Study of the Relation of Health Literacy to Primary Language and Emergency Department Length of Stay

Objectives: The primary aim of this study was to determine whether emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS) or primary language was related to the degree of health literacy of patients. Methods: Adult English-speaking and Spanish-speaking patients were recruited for the study. Participants completed the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) tool (English and Spanish versions), a 6-question validated scale. Patients with NVS scores of 0 to 3 were...