Original Article

Contemporary Geographic Variation and Sociodemographic Correlates of Hysterectomy Rates Among Reproductive-Age Women

Authors: Danielle R. Gartner, MS, Kemi M. Doll, MD, MSCR, Robert A. Hummer, PhD, MS, Whitney R. Robinson, PhD, MSPH


Objective: For decades hysterectomy rates have famously demonstrated unexplained geographic variation. The aim of this study was to identify county-level correlates of hysterectomy rates among reproductive-age women.

Methods: Using county-level data from multiple sources, linked with claims-based surveillance data of every hysterectomy performed among women ages 20 to 44 in North Carolina from 2011 to 2013 (N = 7180), we explored social, economic, and healthcare factors associated with county-level rates.

Results: After accounting for spatial autocorrelation, county-level hysterectomy rates were negatively associated with county-level median household income, positively associated with the proportion married, and not associated with measures of healthcare capacity or access.

Conclusions: This analysis provides preliminary evidence that contemporary hysterectomy use in North Carolina occurs along socioeconomic lines.

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