Original Article

Development of a Flipped Medical School Dermatology Module

Authors: Joshua Fox, MD, David Faber, BA, Solomon Pikarsky, BS, Chi Zhang, PhD, Richard Riley, MD, PhD, Alex Mechaber, MD, Mark O’Connell, MD, Robert S. Kirsner, MD, PhD


Objectives: The flipped classroom module incorporates independent study in advance of in-class instructional sessions. It is unproven whether this methodology is effective within a medical school second-year organ system module. We report the development, implementation, and effectiveness of the flipped classroom methodology in a second-year medical student dermatology module at the University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine.

Methods: In a retrospective cohort analysis, we compared attitudinal survey data and mean scores for a 50-item multiple-choice final examination of the second-year medical students who participated in this 1-week flipped course with those of the previous year’s traditional, lecture-based course.

Results: Each group comprised nearly 200 students. Students’ age, sex, Medical College Admission Test scores, and undergraduate grade point averages were comparable between the flipped and traditional classroom students. The flipped module students’ mean final examination score of 92.71% ± 5.03% was greater than that of the traditional module students’ 90.92% ± 5.51% (P < 0.001) score. Three of the five most commonly missed questions were identical between the two cohorts. The majority of students preferred the flipped methodology to attending live lectures or watching previously recorded lectures.

Conclusions: The flipped classroom can be an effective instructional methodology for a medical school second-year organ system module.

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