Early Diagnostic Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis
AbstractWe report two cases and review the literature concerning the importance of early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain as a guide for the early diagnosis and treatment of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). A nonspecific term, ADEM refers to an acute disease that is postinfectious, parainfectious, postvaccinal, or of an unknown precipitating factor. Often when there is clinical suspicion of ADEM, MRI is not done before significant morbidity and mortality occur, despite the existence of adequate treatments. Primary care physicians should be aware of the importance of early MRI in ADEM.
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