Letter to the Editor

On Aristotle and Upper Leveling

Authors: Benjamin W. Frush, MD, MA


To the Editor: “I guess what I really want to know is how I can become that good.” It is our end-of-rotation feedback session, and Jessica, the intern on the team, is describing her goals moving forward after finishing her first inpatient service. She is referencing the example set by our attending this past week, Dr S., who consistently demonstrated the rare combination of clinical acumen, compassionate patient care, and remarkable teaching skills to which both Jessica and I as her senior resident aspire.

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1. Aristotle. The Nichomachean Ethics. New York: Penguin Books; 2004.
2. Hafferty FW, Franks R. The hidden curriculum, ethics teaching, and the structure of medical education. Acad Med 1994;69:861–871.
3. Murrell VS. The failure of medical education to develop moral reasoning in medical students. Int J Med Educ 2014;5:219–225.
4. Betzler RJ. How to clarify the aims of empathy in medicine. Med Health Care Philos 2018;21:569–582.