1. Gauci M, Loh RK, Stone BF, et al. Allergic reactions to the Australian paralysis tick, Ixodes holocyclus: diagnostic evaluation by skin test and radioimmunoassay. Clin Exp Allergy 1989;19:279-283.
2. van Nunen SA, Fernando S, Clarke LR, et al. The association between Ixodes holocyclus tick bite reactions and red meat allergy. Intern Med J 2007;37(suppl 5):A132.
3. Commins SP, Satinover SM, Hosen J, et al. Delayed anaphylaxis, angioedema, or urticaria after consumption of red meat in patients with IgE antibodies specific for galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2009;123:426-433.
4. van Nunen SA, O'Connor KS, Clarke LR, et al. An association between tick bite reactions and red meat allergy in humans. Med J Australia 2009;190:510-511.
5. Commins SP, James HR, Kelly LA, et al. The relevance of tick bites to the production of IgE antibodies to the mammalian oligosaccharide galactose-α-1,3-galactose. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2011;127:1286-1293.e6.
6. Commins SP, Platts-Mills TAE. Delayed anaphylaxis to red meat in patients with IgE specific for galactose alpha-1,3-galactose (alpha-gal). Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2013;13:72-77.
7. Murphy CM. Writing an effective review article. J Med Toxicol 2012;8:89-90.
8. van Nunen S. Galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose, mammalian meat and anaphylaxis: a world-wide phenomenon? Curr Treat Options Allergy 2014;1:262-277.
9. Commins SP, Platts-Mills TAE. Tick bites and red meat allergy. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 2013;13:354-359.
10. James HR, Commins SP, Kelly LA, et al. Further evidence for tick bites as a cause of the IgE responses to alpha-gal that underlie a major increase in delayed anaphylaxis to meat. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2011;127(suppl):AB243.
11. Nunez R, Carballada F, Gonzalez-Quintela A, et al. Delayed mammalian meat-induced anaphylaxis to galactose-α-1,3-galactose in 5 European patients. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2011;128:1122-1124.e1.
12. Sekiya K, Fukutomi Y, Nakazawa T, et al. Delayed anaphylactic reaction to mammalian meat. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 2012;22:446-447.
13. Hamsten C, Starkhammar M, Tran TA, et al. Identification of galactose-α-1,3-galactose in the gastrointestinal tract of the tick Ixodes ricinus possible relationship with red meat allergy. Allergy 2013;68:549-552.
14. Caponetto P, Fischer J, Biedermann T. Gelatine-containing sweets can elicit anaphylaxis in a patient with sensitization to galactose-α-1,3-galactose. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2013;1:302-303.
15. Hamsten C, Tran TAT, Starkhammar M, et al. Red meat allergy in Sweden: association with tick sensitization and B-negative blood groups. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2013;132:1431-1434.
16. Morisset M, Richard C, Zanna H, et al. Allergy to cow’ milk related to IgE antibodies specific for galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose. Paper presented at European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology Congress and World Allergy Organisation , Milan, Italy, June 22-26, 2013.
17. Wickner PG, Commins S. The first 4 Central American cases of delayed meat allergy with galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose positivity clustered among field biologists in Panama. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2014;133(suppl):AB212.
18. Carter MC, Ruiz-Esteves KN, Workman L, et al. Identification of alpha-gal sensitivity in patients with a diagnosis of idiopathic anaphylaxis. Allergy 2018;73:1131-1134.
19. Kwak M, Somerville C, van Nunen S. A novel Australian tick Ixodes (Endopalpiger) australiensis inducing meat allergy after tick bite. Asia Pac Allergy 2018;8:e31.
20. Steinke JW, Platts-Mills TA, Commins SP. The alpha-gal story: lessons learned from connecting the dots. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2015;135:589-597.
21. Rispens T, Derksen NIL, Commins SP, et al. IgE production to α-gal is accompanied by elevated levels of specific IgG1 antibodies and low amounts of IgE to blood group B. Plos One 2013;8:e55566.
22. Mullins RJ, James H, Platts-Mills TAE, et al. The relationship between red meat allergy and sensitization to gelatin and galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2012;129:1334-1342.e1.
23. O’Neil BH, Allen R, Spigel DR, et al. High incidence of cetuximab-related infusion reactions in Tennessee and North Carolina and the association with atopic history. J Clin Oncol 2007;25:3644-3648.
24. Chung CH, Mirakhur B, Chan E, et al. Cetuximab-induced anaphylaxis and IgE specific for galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose. N Engl J Med 2008;358:1109-1117.
25. Mariotte D, Dupont B, Gervais R, et al. Anti-cetuximab ELISA for identification of patients at a high risk of cetuximab-induced anaphylaxis. MAbs 2011;3:396-401.
26. Chinuki Y, Morita E. Alpha-gal-containing biologics and anaphylaxis. Allergol Int 2019;68:296-300.
27. Chitnavis M, Stein DJ, Commins S, et al. First dose anaphylaxis to infliximab: a case of mammalian meat allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2017;5:1425-1426.
28. Hilger C, Fischer J, Wö F, et al. Role and mechanism of galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose in the elicitation of delayed anaphylactic reactions to red meat. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2019;19:3.
29. Cabezas-Cruz A, Hodžić A, Román-Carrasco P, et al. Environmental and molecular drivers of the α-gal syndrome. Front Immunol 2019;10:1210.
30. van Nunen S. Tick-induced allergies: mammalian meat allergy, tick anaphylaxis and their significance. Asia Pac Allergy 2015;5:3-16.
31. Naso F, Gandaglia A, Bottio T, et al. First quantification of alpha-Gal epitope in current glutaraldehyde-fixed heart valve prostheses. Xenotransplantation 2013;20:252-261.
32. Mozzicato SM, Tripathi A, Posthumus JB, et al. Porcine or bovine valve replacement in three patients with IgE antibodies to the mammalian oligosaccharide galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2014;2:637-638.
33. Wilson JM, Schuyler AJ, Workman L, et al. Investigation into the α-gal syndrome: characteristics of 261 children and adults reporting red meat allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019;7:2348-2358.e4.
34. Platts-Mills TAE, Li RC, Keshavarz B, et al. Diagnosis and management of patients with the α-gal syndrome. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2020;8:15-23.e1.
35. Chandrasekhar JL, Cox KM, Loo WM, et al. Cutaneous exposure to clinically relevant Lone Star ticks promotes IgE production and hypersensitivity through CD4 + T cell- and MyD88-dependent pathways in mice. J Immunol 2019;203:813-824.