Original Article

CME Article: Pregnancy-Associated Diabetes Mellitus and Stillbirths by Race and Ethnicity among Hospitalized Pregnant Women in the United States

Objectives: Racial disparities in preexisting diabetes mellitus (PDM) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) remain largely unexplored. We examined national PDM and GDM prevalence trends by race/ethnicity and the association between these conditions and fetal death. Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of 69,539,875 pregnancy-related hospitalizations from 2002 to 2017…

Posted in: Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism28 Pregnancy24

Original Article

Hepatitis C and HIV Screening, Testing, and Risk Perceptions among South-Central Appalachian County Health Department Staff

Objectives: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are significant public health concerns, especially given the risks for disease interactions. Rates of HCV and HIV are increasing, especially in rural areas. Local health departments (LHDs) play an important role in rural health care, offering screening, testing, and treatment…

Posted in: Infectious Disease87 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) And Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection12

Errata

Proportion and Characterization of Co-infections of HIV and Hepatitis C or Hepatitis B among People with HIV in Alabama, 2007–2016 – Erratum

In the June 2020 issue of Southern Medical Journal in the article by Siza et al, “Proportion and Characterization of Co-infections of HIV and Hepatitis C or Hepatitis B among People with HIV in Alabama, 2007–2016”, the copyright is listed incorrectly.

Posted in: Infectious Disease87 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) And Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection12

Original Article

Correlation of Population Factors, Compliance with Masking and Social Distance, Vaccination, and COVID-19 Infection in Central Appalachia

Objectives: Compliance with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) guidelines, including the use of masks and social distancing and vaccinations, has been poor. Our study examined what factors may identify those who will be more or less compliant, especially in regard to those with identified higher risk. Methods: A telephone survey of…

Posted in: Infectious Disease87

Original Article

A Comparative Study of Scripted versus Unscripted Morning Reports: Results from a Prospective Multicenter Study

Objectives: Morning report is one of the central activities of internal medicine residency education. The two most common morning report formats are scripted reports, which use preselected cases with prepared didactics, and unscripted reports in which a case is discussed without preparation. No previous study has compared these two formats….

Original Article

Evaluation of the Effect of Biochemistry Parameters on the Clinical Course in COVID-19 Patients Who Received Tocilizumab Treatment

Objectives: Patients who develop cytokine storm while they have coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) experience more severe symptoms. This article aims to evaluate the effect of biochemical parameters on the clinical course of the disease in patients treated with tocilizumab (TCZ) due to cytokine storm. Methods: Medical documents of patients with…

Posted in: Infectious Disease87

Original Article

Readmissions among People Living with HIV Admitted for Hypertensive Emergency

Objectives: People with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Hypertensive emergency (HTNE), a complication of hypertension with potentially serious health implications, has high healthcare utilization. We attempted to determine the association between HIV status and risk for 30-day readmission after index hospitalization for…

Posted in: Hypertension8 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) And Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection12

Original Article

CME Article: Preparing Residents for Fellowship: A Novel Mock Interview Program

Objectives: Although high-stakes interviews are critically important for residents to obtain competitive fellowships, few formalized programs targeting interviewing skills exist. Previous studies demonstrate that mock interviews increase medical students’ and healthcare professionals’ confidence and improve match rates, but little research has been conducted among medical residents. The objective of our…

Original Article

Healthcare Access in Rural Alabama: Patients’ Perspective on Access and Utilization

Objectives: Increasing healthcare access is a Healthy People 2030 priority. This study examined healthcare access from the residents’ perspective in the two most rural counties in the United States and compared the findings with data from the 2018 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in rural and urban counties in…

Special Section

SMA’s 2nd Annual Physicians-in-Training Leadership Conference Abstract Presentations

The following abstracts were accepted and presented during Southern Medical Association’s Physicians-in-Training Leadership Conference, held February 11-13, 2022, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana and virtually.

Letter to the Editor

On “The Patient–Resident Covenant”

To the Editor: The first oath that physicians take is the Hippocratic Oath. It is an oath to uphold the highest professional standards and define a moral code for ethical behavior. It is unsurprising that we also affirm a covenant between ourselves and our patients. The twin pillars of oath…

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