SMJ Article | Original Article

Role of Socioeconomic Factors on Physical and Mental Distress Reported by Alabama Adults with COPD

Objectives: Educational attainment, income, and race play significant roles in managing and treating patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of these socioeconomic factors and others on the physical and mental distress reported by patients with COPD living in Alabama....

Posted in: Mental Health19

SMJ Article | Original Article

Impact of Depressive Symptomology on Pain and Function during Recovery after Total Joint Arthroplasty

Objectives: To determine the effect of preoperative depressive symptoms on patient-reported function and pain following total joint arthroplasty (TJA) after controlling for potential confounding factors; how depressive symptoms changed after TJA; and the impact of postoperative depressive symptoms on recovery. Methods: A prospective cohort study undertaken in a metropolitan region...

Posted in: Mental Health19

SMJ Article | Original Article

Physicians’ Total Burden of Occupational Stressors: More than Threefold Increased Odds of Burnout

Objectives: To assess the relation between total job stressor burden and physician burnout, identifying potentially contributory modifiable stressors, using a comprehensive, theory-based instrument created for physicians by physicians. Methods: From 2018 to 2019, we conducted a cross-sectional study in a public teaching hospital in India. Of 305 clinically active physicians,...

Posted in: Mental Health19

SMJ Article | Review Article

Psychotropic Medication Adherence in Children and Adolescents

Researchers believe that almost 20% of children and adolescents struggle with chronic and persistent mental health concerns. Mental health is the leading cause of disability in the United States. Youth can struggle with several impairing mental health disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, mood disorders, psychotic disorders, and autism spectrum disorder....

Posted in: Mental Health19

SMJ Article | Original Article

Child Sleep and Parent Depressive Symptoms

Objectives: Parent distress and child sleep problems have been associated in earlier research. The present study expands on past research on parent depressive symptoms and their child’s sleep. This study examines the relation between parents who screen positive for depressive symptoms and their perception of their child’s sleep. Methods: Three...

Posted in: Mental Health19

SMJ Article | Original Article

Negative Healthcare Experiences, Healthcare-Seeking Behavior, and Mental Health in Tampa Bay Area Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Individuals

Objective: This study describes the prevalence of negative healthcare experiences, depression, and anxiety in the Tampa Bay transgender and gender non-conforming population. Methods: Participants completed a survey encompassing healthcare interactions and validated mental health questionnaires. Results: In total, 61% of participants experienced conversion therapy and 54% have been denied care....

Posted in: Mental Health19

SMJ Article | Perspectives

Ulysses Syndrome and the COVID-19 Pandemic

The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused >73 million infections and >1.6 million deaths worldwide. The virus and public health measures to contain it are affecting the mental health of not only at-risk individuals but also the general population (Table).1 It is causing significant disruption in the public...

Posted in: Mental Health19

SMJ Article | Original Article

Health Disparities among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Adults in Nashville, Tennessee

Objectives: Health disparities for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adults are well documented, but LGBT health data at the municipal and county levels are lacking, especially in the southern United States. The objective of this study was to compare access to care, health outcomes, and behavioral risk factors between...

Posted in: Infectious Disease79 Mental Health19 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) And Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection12

SMJ Article | Original Article

Grit Does Not Predict Burnout among First-Year Internal Medicine Residents

Objectives: Grit, defined as passion and perseverance for long-term goals, has been associated with the avoidance of burnout among residents in a number of specialties. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between grit and burnout among first-year Internal Medicine residents. Methods: During the 2018–2019 academic year, the authors recruited 75...

Posted in: Mental Health19

SMJ Article | Original Article

Loss of Meaning at Work Associated with Burnout Risk in Academic Medicine

Objectives: Meaning at work has been proposed as one of the key drivers of professional burnout in healthcare, but few studies have simultaneously measured this relation. Methods: In this cross-sectional analysis of 1637 individuals at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, burnout was measured using the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory...

Posted in: Mental Health19

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