SMJ Article | Perspectives

A Clarion Call: COVID-19 and the Pediatric Behavioral Health Inpatient Crisis

The crises occasioned by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on medical centers have by this point been seemingly exhaustively documented. The ebbs and flows of the virus have caused at various times surging inpatient numbers, equipment shortages, and significant provider attrition, among other challenges.1–3 Lost amidst this discourse, however,...

Posted in: Infectious Disease79

SMJ Article | Original Article

Readmissions among People Living with HIV Admitted for Hypertensive Emergency

Objectives: People with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Hypertensive emergency (HTNE), a complication of hypertension with potentially serious health implications, has high healthcare utilization. We attempted to determine the association between HIV status and risk for 30-day readmission after index hospitalization for...

Posted in: Hypertension3 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) And Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection12

SMJ Article | Original Article

Evaluation of the Effect of Biochemistry Parameters on the Clinical Course in COVID-19 Patients Who Received Tocilizumab Treatment

Objectives: Patients who develop cytokine storm while they have coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) experience more severe symptoms. This article aims to evaluate the effect of biochemical parameters on the clinical course of the disease in patients treated with tocilizumab (TCZ) due to cytokine storm. Methods: Medical documents of patients with...

Posted in: Infectious Disease79

SMJ Article | Original Article

Correlation of Population Factors, Compliance with Masking and Social Distance, Vaccination, and COVID-19 Infection in Central Appalachia

Objectives: Compliance with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) guidelines, including the use of masks and social distancing and vaccinations, has been poor. Our study examined what factors may identify those who will be more or less compliant, especially in regard to those with identified higher risk. Methods: A telephone survey of...

Posted in: Infectious Disease79

SMJ Article | Errata

Proportion and Characterization of Co-infections of HIV and Hepatitis C or Hepatitis B among People with HIV in Alabama, 2007–2016 – Erratum

In the June 2020 issue of Southern Medical Journal in the article by Siza et al, “Proportion and Characterization of Co-infections of HIV and Hepatitis C or Hepatitis B among People with HIV in Alabama, 2007–2016”, the copyright is listed incorrectly.

Posted in: Infectious Disease79 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) And Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection12

SMJ Article | Original Article

Hepatitis C and HIV Screening, Testing, and Risk Perceptions among South-Central Appalachian County Health Department Staff

Objectives: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are significant public health concerns, especially given the risks for disease interactions. Rates of HCV and HIV are increasing, especially in rural areas. Local health departments (LHDs) play an important role in rural health care, offering screening, testing, and treatment...

Posted in: Infectious Disease79 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) And Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection12

SMJ Article | Original Article

CME Article: Is It All COVID-19? Resident Distress and Reasons for It in 2020

Objective: For resident wellness, it is important to understand and discern the relative contributions of each factor to resident stress. Methods: After institutional review board approval, a 20-question survey instrument was provided to 90 residents across four specialties (Internal Medicine, Emergency Medicine, General Surgery, and Orthopedic Surgery) at a university-affiliated...

Posted in: Infectious Disease79

SMJ Article | Original Article

Differences in Motivating Factors for SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination and Perceptions of Infection Risk among Healthcare and EMS Personnel in South Carolina

Objectives: Although medical workers were prioritized to receive the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination, many have declined. Even though studies have investigated differences in COVID-19–related attitudes and vaccination for workers in hospitals and long-term care facilities, none have included emergency medical services (EMS) personnel. We investigated the association between type...

Posted in: Infectious Disease79

SMJ Article | Original Article

Continued Visibility of COVID-19 Article Removals

Objective: The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has produced an unprecedented amount of scientific research as well as a high number of article retractions. Social and news media have been used to disseminate scientific research, and this can include retracted or withdrawn research. This risks the persistence of low-quality research and...

Posted in: Infectious Disease79

SMJ Article | Original Article

Risk Factors for Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Patients with COVID-19 in a Mississippi Community Health System

Objective: To evaluate differences between survivors versus nonsurvivors undergoing mechanical ventilation for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)–associated respiratory failure at two community medical centers. Methods: This was a multicenter, retrospective cohort analysis of all adult patients mechanically ventilated for COVID-19–associated respiratory failure in two community hospital intensive care units in southern...

Posted in: Infectious Disease79

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