SMJ Article | Original Article

Gender Differences in Hospital Outcomes among COVID-19 Hospitalizations

Objectives: Many epidemiological studies have shown that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) disproportionately affects males, compared with females, although other studies show that there were no such differences. The aim of the present study was to assess differences in the prevalence of hospitalizations and in-hospital outcomes between the sexes, using a...

Posted in: Infectious Disease118

SMJ Article | Original Article

Does Mild Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia in Healthy Adults Cause Permanent Small Airway Injury?

Objectives: Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is a type of oscillation technique that measures the input impedance (Z) of the respiratory system and can be used to detect pathological changes in the small airways at an early stage. Although coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) affects the vascular and parenchymal structures in the lung,...

Posted in: Infectious Disease118

SMJ Article | Invited Commentary

Commentary on “Burnout, Resilience, and Mindfulness in Healthcare Workers in a Medically Underserved Region During the COVID-19 Pandemic”

Burnout remains a significant issue among US healthcare workers. According to a recent study, 62.8% of practicing physicians report one symptom of burnout, and satisfaction with work-life integration dropped to 30%.1 Although alarming, these numbers do not indicate the other costs of healthcare worker burnout, including worse patient outcomes, healthcare...

Posted in: Infectious Disease118

SMJ Article | Original Article

Burnout, Resilience, and Mindfulness in Healthcare Workers in a Medically Underserved Region during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Objectives: To evaluate employee burnout, work conditions, resilience, and mindfulness at an academic medical center in a US medically underserved region during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Methods: We surveyed employees from August 7, 2020 to January 17, 2021. Respondents completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the Areas of Worklife...

Posted in: Infectious Disease118

SMJ Article | Original Article

Association between the Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio and Inpatient Mortality in Hospitalized Older Veterans with COVID-19 Infection

Objectives: Determine the association of high neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) values with inpatient mortality and other outcomes in older veterans hospitalized with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods: This was a retrospective, multicenter, cohort study of hospitalized adults, with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infection who were studied for 1 year after discharge or until...

Posted in: Infectious Disease118

SMJ Article | Original Article

Sociodemographic Characteristics of HIV-Associated Dementia in the South Carolina Alzheimer’s Disease Registry

Objectives: Studies examining the sociodemographic characteristics associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–associated dementia (HAD) are lacking, especially in the southern United States. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of HAD using South Carolina Alzheimer’s Disease Registry data, and examine these characteristics across two time periods. Methods:...

Posted in: Infectious Disease118 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) And Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection16

SMJ Article | Original Article

Scholarly Productivity of US Medical Schools Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Objectives: The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic profoundly disrupted scientific research but was accompanied by a rapid increase in biomedical research focused on this new disease. We aimed to study how the academic productivity of US medical schools changed during the pandemic and what structural characteristics of medical schools were associated...

Posted in: Infectious Disease118

SMJ Article | Original Article

Impact of COVID-19 Policies on Hospitalists’ Psychological Safety

Objectives: The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic brought about many changes in work environment and interpersonal interactions to prevent the spread of infection. Policies such as ubiquitous masking, virtual meetings, physician distancing, and decreased communal eating changed the inpatient work environment. This study aims to look at the impact of these...

Posted in: Infectious Disease118

SMJ Article | Original Article

A Multicenter Observational Study Comparing Virtual with In-Person Morning Reports during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Objectives: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic disrupted how educational conferences were delivered, leaving programs to choose between in-person and virtual morning report formats. The objective of our study was to describe morning reports during the COVID-19 pandemic, including the use of virtual formats, attendance, leadership, and content. Methods: A...

Posted in: Infectious Disease118

SMJ Article | Original Article

Effect of Integrase Strand Transfer Inhibitor Use on Time to HIV Viral Suppression before Delivery

Objectives: We sought to determine whether pregnant individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prescribed integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) antiretrovirals (ARVs) achieve viral suppression faster than individuals taking non-INSTI regimens and to determine whether there were differences in viral suppression at delivery among INSTI ARVs. Methods: This is a retrospective...

Posted in: Infectious Disease118 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) And Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection16

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